Manual handling solutions for farms

Grain Handling Solutions

manual handling solutions for farms

HSE Agriculture AS 23 - Manual Handling Solutions for Farms. 1/21/2020В В· This clip was taken during our filming for our Manual Handling Training DVD. with a Pallet Truck at Pork Farms from Osteopathic Solutions Manual Handling? Cancel, Fish Farms. Fish farms or fish farming is a form of aquaculture. The act of fish farming is about raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures for human consumption. There are different types of fish farms that utilize different aquiculture methods..

AS 23 (rev2) Agricultural Safety 23 Manual Handling

Manual Handling Advice A brief guide for employers. This information sheet highlights the physical risks associated with manual handling in the transport and logistics sector. Examples of risk reduction measures that could be considered appropriate in different workplace settings are illustrated, but is by no means an exhaustive list of possible solutions., Manual handling Show/Hide sub-navigation. Leadership in Agriculture. Our Safer Farms ambassador Richard Loe catches up with New Zealand’s agriculture leaders who tell us what they do to stay healthy and safe on the farm. Careful management and handling of these materials is essential to keep yourself and others safe..

Alpha Training Safety Solutions - Professional, practical Health and Safety training courses for all industry sectors. Specialists in Confined Space Training, First Aid, Fire Safety, Manual Handling, Working at Height, Mental Health First Aid,, IOSH. Nationwide Training across the UK. 8/18/2008В В· To minimise the incidence of these injuries in manual handling occupations, typically found in the manufacturing, construction and public and community services sectors, WorkSafe expects employers to have safety solutions in place to protect workers from injuries related to lifting.

Manual handling solutions farms: AIS23 rev2. 2002. Everyday solutions. Handling spare and dual tractor wheels. Handling bagged products. Lifting chemical and oil containers. Handling, casting and sheep shearing. Bale handling. More information. Next. Manual Handling Training Cheshire – Manual lifting training courses take place on employers premises. This causes less disruption of production. It also gives the most relevant practical demonstration for the trainees. We will be able to practice some of the manual handling techniques within the trainees normal working environment.

Training your employees with our online system will go a long way to giving them greater awareness of the dangers that poor manual handling poses, as well as covering safe handling techniques, practical solutions to manual handling issues and the use of mechanical aids. The course looks at: What is manual handling; Manual handling regulations This guidance aims to help employers comply with the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended by the Health and Safety (Miscellaneous on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories and while making deliveries. risks and can offer solutions to control them. Health and Safety

“Manual Handling” is defined as the transporting or supporting of a load (including lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving) by hand or by bodily force.. The term “Load” is not limited to inanimate objects – it includes people (and animals). Source: The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 from legislation.gov.uk Manual handling training will reduce risks in the workplace, accidents account for more than a third of all accidents reported each year. While fatal manual handling accidents are rare, accidents resulting in a major injury are more common, accounting for more than 10% of …

8/18/2008В В· To minimise the incidence of these injuries in manual handling occupations, typically found in the manufacturing, construction and public and community services sectors, WorkSafe expects employers to have safety solutions in place to protect workers from injuries related to lifting. The recommended on-farm biosecurity practices for chicken growers are provided in the National Farm Biosecurity Manual for Chicken Growers.The manual identifies areas of risk common to most broiler farms and appropriate measures to minimise these risks.

Manual handling injuries can occur wherever people are at work - on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories, and while making deliveries. Heavy manual labour, awkward postures, manual materials handling, and previous or existing injury are all risk factors implicated in the development of MSDs. Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace . working speed is imposed by a process which cannot be altered by the worker). • Involves awkward postures or movements Working with a bent and/or twisted trunk, raised arms, bent wrists, a bent neck and turned head increases the risk of back injury and should be

The recommended on-farm biosecurity practices for chicken growers are provided in the National Farm Biosecurity Manual for Chicken Growers.The manual identifies areas of risk common to most broiler farms and appropriate measures to minimise these risks. VQ Level 2 in Agriculture: A 1 day course covering all the key hazards and risks faced on farms by workers and employers. Accredited with LANTRA and trained by RMS's agricultural H&S Consultants; Manual Handling Training: RMS's own certificated course which can either be a 1 day or half day course covering the principles and practice of manual

Manual handling at work A brief guide Introduction This leaflet describes what you, as an employer, may need to do to protect your employees from the risk of injury through manual handling tasks in the workplace. It will also be useful to employees and their representatives. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002 VQ Level 2 in Agriculture: A 1 day course covering all the key hazards and risks faced on farms by workers and employers. Accredited with LANTRA and trained by RMS's agricultural H&S Consultants; Manual Handling Training: RMS's own certificated course which can either be a 1 day or half day course covering the principles and practice of manual

Agricultural Safety 23: Manual Handling Solutions for Farms is part of the Occupational Health & Safety Information Service's online subscription. Bringing you a comprehensive selection of legislation, regulations, guidance, standards, including BSI and best practice which is updated daily, you can find documents on a wide range of subject areas such as Food & Drink, Environmental Health Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace . working speed is imposed by a process which cannot be altered by the worker). • Involves awkward postures or movements Working with a bent and/or twisted trunk, raised arms, bent wrists, a bent neck and turned head increases the risk of back injury and should be

GWO Manual Handling (0.5 days) – Manual lifting of people and objects as part of rescue efforts. GWO Sea Survival (1.5 days) – How to survive in a rescue scenario at sea in all conditions. GWO Working at Height (2 days) – Hazard awareness and techniques at height on wind turbines. This information sheet highlights the physical risks associated with manual handling in the transport and logistics sector. Examples of risk reduction measures that could be considered appropriate in different workplace settings are illustrated, but is by no means an exhaustive list of possible solutions.

Some ideas for dealing with manual handling solutions on farms. This leaflet is to be complete by looking at the HSE booklet under the title ‘Manual Handling Solutions for Farms’ handling products in bags e.g. animal feed, cement, fertilizer Special solutions for tank farms Ideal for any plant Whether for ship unloading, for tank, truck, or rail car loading operations, or for monitoring refineries and pipelines, we have products, solutions, and services to support your sales order and inventory management. and reducing manual handling errors. Use Cases Process and plant

Manual handling injuries can happen anywhere people are at work – on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories, and while making deliveries. Heavy manual labour, awkward postures, manual materials handling, and previous or existing injury are all risk factors in developing MSDs. Manual handling at work A brief guide Introduction This leaflet describes what you, as an employer, may need to do to protect your employees from the risk of injury through manual handling tasks in the workplace. It will also be useful to employees and their representatives. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002

Manual handling Show/Hide sub-navigation. Leadership in Agriculture. Our Safer Farms ambassador Richard Loe catches up with New Zealand’s agriculture leaders who tell us what they do to stay healthy and safe on the farm. Careful management and handling of these materials is essential to keep yourself and others safe. Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace . working speed is imposed by a process which cannot be altered by the worker). • Involves awkward postures or movements Working with a bent and/or twisted trunk, raised arms, bent wrists, a bent neck and turned head increases the risk of back injury and should be

Manual Handling Solutions Issues and Initiatives About

manual handling solutions for farms

Tank farms and terminals Competitiveness in Auxiliary. How do I prepare for manual handling? Good handling technique; Training; Everyday solutions; Handling spare and dual tractor wheels; Handling bagged products; Lifting chemical and oil containers; Handling and casting sheep; Sheep shearing; Bale handling; Find out more, Top 3 Sources for Hazards at Dairy Farms . Every farm is unique but all have hazards associated with cattle handling, manure storage, and machinery and equipment. Animal Handling . Activities include moving cattle around the farm, feeding and milking cows, ….

Alpha Training Safety Solutions

manual handling solutions for farms

Agriculture Manual handling. The recommended on-farm biosecurity practices for chicken growers are provided in the National Farm Biosecurity Manual for Chicken Growers.The manual identifies areas of risk common to most broiler farms and appropriate measures to minimise these risks. 8/18/2008В В· To minimise the incidence of these injuries in manual handling occupations, typically found in the manufacturing, construction and public and community services sectors, WorkSafe expects employers to have safety solutions in place to protect workers from injuries related to lifting..

manual handling solutions for farms

  • Fish Farms Fish Farming Information and Resources
  • Natural Manual Handling Practice with a Pallet Truck at

  • 11/20/2019В В· You can minimize your risk of injury by following these animal handling safety guidelines: Most clinics and farms keep special red biohazard disposal boxes on hand for this purpose. Have an Exit Strategy . An exit strategy is especially important when working with large animals in pens, stalls, or chutes. Don’t allow yourself to get A load maybe either inanimate, such as a box or a trolly, or animate, for example an animal or a person. The risks from manual handling can be found across all kinds of workplaces - in factories, care homes, schools, farms, offices and building sites. Click the link bellow to download or free risk assessment guide.

    Many injuries will involve sprains, strains, fractures or cuts. All can result in absence from work and normal work activity, as well as prolonged pain. Injuries from manual handling can occur wherever people are at work, for example on farms, building sites, factories, offices, warehouses and hospitals, and while making deliveries. Manual handling Show/Hide sub-navigation. Leadership in Agriculture. Our Safer Farms ambassador Richard Loe catches up with New Zealand’s agriculture leaders who tell us what they do to stay healthy and safe on the farm. Careful management and handling of these materials is essential to keep yourself and others safe.

    Many injuries will involve sprains, strains, fractures or cuts. All can result in absence from work and normal work activity, as well as prolonged pain. Injuries from manual handling can occur wherever people are at work, for example on farms, building sites, factories, offices, warehouses and hospitals, and while making deliveries. Manual handling at work A brief guide Introduction This leaflet describes what you, as an employer, may need to do to protect your employees from the risk of injury through manual handling tasks in the workplace. It will also be useful to employees and their representatives. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002

    Your complete source for Handling equipment in the industry. Grain Handling Solutions is owned and maintained by Ripco Ltd. Ripco is a leader in design, construction and wholesale distribuiton of material handling, conveying, storage and Handling equipment for farm and commercial customers. Manual handling training will reduce risks in the workplace, accidents account for more than a third of all accidents reported each year. While fatal manual handling accidents are rare, accidents resulting in a major injury are more common, accounting for more than 10% of …

    Farm safety - handling animals. Any animal-handling practices can increase the risk of injury to farmers, farm workers and the animal... Farm safety - machinery. Poorly used or faulty machinery is a major cause of death and injury on farms... Farm safety - manual handling 11/20/2019 · You can minimize your risk of injury by following these animal handling safety guidelines: Most clinics and farms keep special red biohazard disposal boxes on hand for this purpose. Have an Exit Strategy . An exit strategy is especially important when working with large animals in pens, stalls, or chutes. Don’t allow yourself to get

    How do I prepare for manual handling? Good handling technique; Training; Everyday solutions; Handling spare and dual tractor wheels; Handling bagged products; Lifting chemical and oil containers; Handling and casting sheep; Sheep shearing; Bale handling; Find out more This training is accordingly to the guidelines of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO). The Refresher Training Manual Handling GWO is designed for staff working in the wind industry, involved in the construction, maintenance or service for onshore and/or offshore wind turbines and wind farms.

    The recommended on-farm biosecurity practices for chicken growers are provided in the National Farm Biosecurity Manual for Chicken Growers.The manual identifies areas of risk common to most broiler farms and appropriate measures to minimise these risks. Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace . working speed is imposed by a process which cannot be altered by the worker). • Involves awkward postures or movements Working with a bent and/or twisted trunk, raised arms, bent wrists, a bent neck and turned head increases the risk of back injury and should be

    Manual Handling Training Waypit Training

    manual handling solutions for farms

    Manual Handling Solutions Issues and Initiatives About. 11/20/2019 · You can minimize your risk of injury by following these animal handling safety guidelines: Most clinics and farms keep special red biohazard disposal boxes on hand for this purpose. Have an Exit Strategy . An exit strategy is especially important when working with large animals in pens, stalls, or chutes. Don’t allow yourself to get, Manual Handling Solutions Picking, planting and packing vegetables involves many repetitive, manual activities which can lead to injuries needing medical treatment or time off work. In March 2011, The Victorian Farm Safety Centre began a project to help growers identify and control manual handling.

    indg143 Getting to grips with manual handling

    Manual Handling Training Waypit Training. This information sheet highlights the physical risks associated with manual handling in the transport and logistics sector. Examples of risk reduction measures that could be considered appropriate in different workplace settings are illustrated, but is by no means an exhaustive list of possible solutions., Your complete source for Handling equipment in the industry. Grain Handling Solutions is owned and maintained by Ripco Ltd. Ripco is a leader in design, construction and wholesale distribuiton of material handling, conveying, storage and Handling equipment for farm and commercial customers..

    8/18/2008В В· To minimise the incidence of these injuries in manual handling occupations, typically found in the manufacturing, construction and public and community services sectors, WorkSafe expects employers to have safety solutions in place to protect workers from injuries related to lifting. This training is accordingly to the guidelines of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO). The Refresher Training Manual Handling GWO is designed for staff working in the wind industry, involved in the construction, maintenance or service for onshore and/or offshore wind turbines and wind farms.

    If possible eliminate manual handling completely, for example: Fully mechanise the task. A move to big bales, or fertiliser in big bags, eliminates manual handling because they can only be moved by machine. Introduce feed-handling systems incorporating bulk storage bins and distribution pipes to eliminate the handling of feed compounds. handling system of the distribution chain of perishables (from harvesting, through handling, packing, storage and transportation to final delivery of the fresh produce to the consumer). Factors affecting post-harvest losses vary widely from place to place and are more and more difficult. A …

    This information sheet highlights the physical risks associated with manual handling in the transport and logistics sector. Examples of risk reduction measures that could be considered appropriate in different workplace settings are illustrated, but is by no means an exhaustive list of possible solutions. Manual handling injuries can happen anywhere people are at work – on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories, and while making deliveries. Heavy manual labour, awkward postures, manual materials handling, and previous or existing injury are all risk factors in developing MSDs.

    handling system of the distribution chain of perishables (from harvesting, through handling, packing, storage and transportation to final delivery of the fresh produce to the consumer). Factors affecting post-harvest losses vary widely from place to place and are more and more difficult. A … Fish Farms. Fish farms or fish farming is a form of aquaculture. The act of fish farming is about raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures for human consumption. There are different types of fish farms that utilize different aquiculture methods.

    Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace . working speed is imposed by a process which cannot be altered by the worker). • Involves awkward postures or movements Working with a bent and/or twisted trunk, raised arms, bent wrists, a bent neck and turned head increases the risk of back injury and should be Some ideas for dealing with manual handling solutions on farms. This leaflet is to be complete by looking at the HSE booklet under the title ‘Manual Handling Solutions for Farms’ handling products in bags e.g. animal feed, cement, fertilizer

    This training is accordingly to the guidelines of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO). The Refresher Training Manual Handling GWO is designed for staff working in the wind industry, involved in the construction, maintenance or service for onshore and/or offshore wind turbines and wind farms. This guidance aims to help employers comply with the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended by the Health and Safety (Miscellaneous on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories and while making deliveries. risks and can offer solutions to control them. Health and Safety

    Manual handling injuries can happen anywhere people are at work – on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories, and while making deliveries. Heavy manual labour, awkward postures, manual materials handling, and previous or existing injury are all risk factors in developing MSDs. Special solutions for tank farms Ideal for any plant Whether for ship unloading, for tank, truck, or rail car loading operations, or for monitoring refineries and pipelines, we have products, solutions, and services to support your sales order and inventory management. and reducing manual handling errors. Use Cases Process and plant

    Farm safety - handling animals. Any animal-handling practices can increase the risk of injury to farmers, farm workers and the animal... Farm safety - machinery. Poorly used or faulty machinery is a major cause of death and injury on farms... Farm safety - manual handling Workers on farms are exposed to manual task injuries when handling animals, uncoupling equipment, lifting and carrying loads and repeatedly bending and reaching when performing daily tasks, or doing so in awkward positions. worksafe.qld.gov.au 1300 362 128 Farm safety Issues Issues Solutions Solutions! ! The best solutions are to:

    convenient; other options include collecting washings and run-off from the handling area in a sump and paying for professional waste disposal or spraying the washings out on an area with a groundwater permit. Large farms and research farms have installed the Sentinel (carbon filtration system) and there are some novel solutions in AS23 (Manual Handling Solutions for Farms) has been withdrawn. This page will direct you to the replacement.

    Farm safety - handling animals. Any animal-handling practices can increase the risk of injury to farmers, farm workers and the animal... Farm safety - machinery. Poorly used or faulty machinery is a major cause of death and injury on farms... Farm safety - manual handling VQ Level 2 in Agriculture: A 1 day course covering all the key hazards and risks faced on farms by workers and employers. Accredited with LANTRA and trained by RMS's agricultural H&S Consultants; Manual Handling Training: RMS's own certificated course which can either be a 1 day or half day course covering the principles and practice of manual

    Manual handling Show/Hide sub-navigation. Leadership in Agriculture. Our Safer Farms ambassador Richard Loe catches up with New Zealand’s agriculture leaders who tell us what they do to stay healthy and safe on the farm. Careful management and handling of these materials is essential to keep yourself and others safe. Many injuries will involve sprains, strains, fractures or cuts. All can result in absence from work and normal work activity, as well as prolonged pain. Injuries from manual handling can occur wherever people are at work, for example on farms, building sites, factories, offices, warehouses and hospitals, and while making deliveries.

    1/21/2020 · 2 Man Lifting & Carrying of a CHEP Pallet at Pork Farms Food Factory 'End of Line' Osteopathic Solutions Manual Handling. Osteopathic Solutions Manual Handling Recommended for … Manual handling at work A brief guide Introduction This leaflet describes what you, as an employer, may need to do to protect your employees from the risk of injury through manual handling tasks in the workplace. It will also be useful to employees and their representatives. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002

    Training your employees with our online system will go a long way to giving them greater awareness of the dangers that poor manual handling poses, as well as covering safe handling techniques, practical solutions to manual handling issues and the use of mechanical aids. The course looks at: What is manual handling; Manual handling regulations Workers on farms are exposed to manual task injuries when handling animals, uncoupling equipment, lifting and carrying loads and repeatedly bending and reaching when performing daily tasks, or doing so in awkward positions. worksafe.qld.gov.au 1300 362 128 Farm safety Issues Issues Solutions Solutions! ! The best solutions are to:

    Manual Handling Training Cheshire – Manual lifting training courses take place on employers premises. This causes less disruption of production. It also gives the most relevant practical demonstration for the trainees. We will be able to practice some of the manual handling techniques within the trainees normal working environment. GWO Manual Handling (0.5 days) – Manual lifting of people and objects as part of rescue efforts. GWO Sea Survival (1.5 days) – How to survive in a rescue scenario at sea in all conditions. GWO Working at Height (2 days) – Hazard awareness and techniques at height on wind turbines.

    AS 23 (rev2) Agricultural Safety 23 Manual Handling. AS23 (Manual Handling Solutions for Farms) has been withdrawn. This page will direct you to the replacement., “Manual Handling” is defined as the transporting or supporting of a load (including lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving) by hand or by bodily force.. The term “Load” is not limited to inanimate objects – it includes people (and animals). Source: The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 from legislation.gov.uk.

    Manual Handling Advice A brief guide for employers

    manual handling solutions for farms

    Manual Handling Training Cheshire for all office and. “Manual Handling” is defined as the transporting or supporting of a load (including lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving) by hand or by bodily force.. The term “Load” is not limited to inanimate objects – it includes people (and animals). Source: The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 from legislation.gov.uk, Farm safety - handling animals. Any animal-handling practices can increase the risk of injury to farmers, farm workers and the animal... Farm safety - machinery. Poorly used or faulty machinery is a major cause of death and injury on farms... Farm safety - manual handling.

    AS 23 (rev 3) Agricultural Safety 23 Manual Handling

    manual handling solutions for farms

    Manual Handling Solutions for Farms (HSE AS23) AS23. Manual handling Show/Hide sub-navigation. Leadership in Agriculture. Our Safer Farms ambassador Richard Loe catches up with New Zealand’s agriculture leaders who tell us what they do to stay healthy and safe on the farm. Careful management and handling of these materials is essential to keep yourself and others safe. Hazards and risks associated with manual handling in the workplace . working speed is imposed by a process which cannot be altered by the worker). • Involves awkward postures or movements Working with a bent and/or twisted trunk, raised arms, bent wrists, a bent neck and turned head increases the risk of back injury and should be.

    manual handling solutions for farms


    Fish Farms. Fish farms or fish farming is a form of aquaculture. The act of fish farming is about raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures for human consumption. There are different types of fish farms that utilize different aquiculture methods. Manual handling at work A brief guide Introduction This leaflet describes what you, as an employer, may need to do to protect your employees from the risk of injury through manual handling tasks in the workplace. It will also be useful to employees and their representatives. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002

    If possible eliminate manual handling completely, for example: Fully mechanise the task. A move to big bales, or fertiliser in big bags, eliminates manual handling because they can only be moved by machine. Introduce feed-handling systems incorporating bulk storage bins and distribution pipes to eliminate the handling of feed compounds. Manual handling training will reduce risks in the workplace, accidents account for more than a third of all accidents reported each year. While fatal manual handling accidents are rare, accidents resulting in a major injury are more common, accounting for more than 10% of …

    Manual handling Show/Hide sub-navigation. Leadership in Agriculture. Our Safer Farms ambassador Richard Loe catches up with New Zealand’s agriculture leaders who tell us what they do to stay healthy and safe on the farm. Careful management and handling of these materials is essential to keep yourself and others safe. This guidance aims to help employers comply with the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended by the Health and Safety (Miscellaneous on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, banks, laboratories and while making deliveries. risks and can offer solutions to control them. Health and Safety

    11/1/2017 · Preventing manual handling injuries on farms - guidelines. Preventing manual handling injuries Manual handling Lifting and carrying - what's the problem? Manual handling Show are the eyes and ears of your business. They can help spot issues, and suggest practical, cost-effective solutions. Always train your workers on what the key risks 1/21/2020 · 2 Man Lifting & Carrying of a CHEP Pallet at Pork Farms Food Factory 'End of Line' Osteopathic Solutions Manual Handling. Osteopathic Solutions Manual Handling Recommended for …

    11/1/2017В В· Preventing manual handling injuries on farms - guidelines. Preventing manual handling injuries Manual handling Lifting and carrying - what's the problem? Manual handling Show are the eyes and ears of your business. They can help spot issues, and suggest practical, cost-effective solutions. Always train your workers on what the key risks AS23 (Manual Handling Solutions for Farms) has been withdrawn. This page will direct you to the replacement.

    GWO Manual Handling (0.5 days) – Manual lifting of people and objects as part of rescue efforts. GWO Sea Survival (1.5 days) – How to survive in a rescue scenario at sea in all conditions. GWO Working at Height (2 days) – Hazard awareness and techniques at height on wind turbines. Manual handling at work A brief guide Introduction This leaflet describes what you, as an employer, may need to do to protect your employees from the risk of injury through manual handling tasks in the workplace. It will also be useful to employees and their representatives. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, as amended in 2002

    This information sheet highlights the physical risks associated with manual handling in the transport and logistics sector. Examples of risk reduction measures that could be considered appropriate in different workplace settings are illustrated, but is by no means an exhaustive list of possible solutions. Some ideas for dealing with manual handling solutions on farms. This leaflet is to be complete by looking at the HSE booklet under the title ‘Manual Handling Solutions for Farms’ handling products in bags e.g. animal feed, cement, fertilizer